At the end of June 2019, Visa announced worldwide harmonisation of requirements for free trial merchants. We examine these requirements and highlight the similarities and differences with the Mastercard requirements that came into effect on 12 April 2019.
Transaction laundering has always been a multifaceted problem. One of its most insidious forms is the competitor takedown attack, where fraudsters weaponise card scheme test transactions to discredit legitimate merchants.
“On the internet, nobody knows you’re a dog” read the caption to the famous New Yorker cartoon. No-one speaks much about the kennel though, but perhaps they should: Addresses can be used to evade sanctions, perpetrate crime and launder money.
There are many similarities between journalists and merchant underwriters. Particularly in their pursuit of what Pulitzer prize-winning journalist Carl Bernstein refers to as “the best obtainable version of the truth”.
Risk and opportunity are intertwined — one cannot exist without the other. This is certainly true of the cryptocurrency space, but there are ways to harness the opportunities and minimise the risks.